The government has set a deadline for the UNFCCC to commit to reducing emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) by 2030 to 20% of 1990 levels, and the government is also seeking to increase the emissions of other gases such as methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O).
“If the international community is serious about reducing CO2 emissions, then India will have to do its part,” said Rajeev Kumar, an analyst at India’s World Resources Institute.
“It is very important to get emissions to a point where the country can meet the targets.
The climate change mitigation plan is a first step.”
The government has already set the targets of cutting emissions by 30% and 20% respectively in 2030 and 2020, and has set up a special climate task force to monitor India’s progress.
The government is hoping to reach the target of keeping India’s air quality standards at or below a safe level of PM2.5, which measures how many micrograms of particulate matter a person inhales.
The government’s plans are not as ambitious as some other countries’ and have not been fully developed.
The draft plan includes a pledge to invest $500 billion in clean energy, but many economists believe the money will not be enough to achieve this target.
The target of limiting carbon emissions by 2050 is also not included.
India has committed to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by at least 40% below 1990 levels by 2030, and it has set ambitious goals of reducing emissions by 80% by 2050.
India’s air pollution problem has been aggravated by a series of recent disasters, such as the floods and power cuts that have killed thousands of people, and by the ongoing monsoon season, which has seen more than 40 million people suffer from respiratory problems.
The World Health Organization has called for a national carbon budget to help meet the government’s goals.
It said India’s carbon budget could cover only a portion of the government commitment.
India is also facing criticism over its failure to meet the target to reduce CO2 pollution, which the World Bank estimates at nearly 2.8% of the country’s total emissions.
The IMF estimates India’s pollution level at 2.7%.
India has promised to reduce its emissions by 2.3% of its 1990 level by 2020.
“India is committed to meeting its climate change targets, but there are some areas that are unclear, including whether the government has a way to meet its emission reduction target without the assistance of foreign governments,” Kumar said.
“The government is trying to use the threat of international pressure to get the international communities to step up their support for India.”
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