A model developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for how to deal with the climate change crisis will help the United States avoid a second Great Depression.
The model is called “the carbon footprint” and has been developed by a team at Stanford University and a team of Stanford professors.
The team, led by senior author John A. Macdonald, said it will help states and cities reduce their carbon footprints, or the carbon they emit, by increasing energy efficiency and renewable energy.
The EPA estimates that the model will save the U.S. $100 billion a year.
It is being presented to federal officials at a meeting on carbon emissions on Wednesday, and it is part of the EPA’s plan to develop a new carbon tax, a policy that could be a game changer for the U,S.
economy and the world.
In addition to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the carbon footprint model helps cities and states to reduce energy costs and pollution.
“In terms of how you go about getting to zero carbon, the model provides an answer for how we could,” said Dr. MacDonald.
“What we have learned over the last few decades is that we can’t do everything, we can only do some of it.
But we can reduce our carbon footprint, and that is an important goal.”
Dr. John Macdonald is the lead author of the Stanford-led study and a professor in the department of earth and environmental sciences at Stanford.
The Stanford-lead study, published in the journal Science Advances, examined a model that uses a carbon footprint calculator.
The calculator determines the carbon intensity of a facility by taking into account all the energy it takes to operate a plant and the amount of CO2 emitted.
“A lot of people think about emissions as having an impact on emissions,” said Macdonald.
“The reality is, when you add up the carbon dioxide and the emissions, it doesn’t necessarily make a huge difference.
But the model we built has a way of telling you that you can have a very large effect on carbon footprints and on emissions.”
The model also uses the CO2-equivalent energy of the facility to estimate the carbon it produces and how much it contributes to the climate.
“We can use that to inform policy and make policy decisions,” said lead author Dr. William A. Groshenkron, a postdoctoral researcher in the Stanford School of Forestry & Environmental Studies.
“And we can use the model to see whether you can make the policy change.”
The carbon footprint can also be used to estimate carbon emissions from industries.
The carbon intensity can be calculated by multiplying the total energy inputs to a facility and multiplying the cost of that output by the emissions produced.
In the case of energy-intensive industries, such as energy production and transportation, it could be used as a proxy for energy prices.
“If you’re using a carbon calculator, you can calculate the emissions from a particular facility, and then you can look at how those emissions affect the overall price of a particular product,” said co-author Dr. Daniel R. Matson, an associate professor in environmental sciences.
The study found that while energy costs are the main driver of carbon emissions, other factors, such cost-effectiveness of technology, environmental protection, climate change, and economic competitiveness are important.
For example, a study published in January by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign found that the cost-benefit ratio of wind turbines and other renewables could be as high as $100 a ton.
“When you think about the environmental cost of CO 2 emissions, wind power is a very efficient form of energy,” said Matson.
“It doesn’t cost much to produce, it is very green, it produces zero emissions.”
Dr Matson and co-authors from the University at Buffalo and the University in Sydney also calculated that the carbon emissions of power plants could be reduced by $100 million a year through technology such as more efficient turbines, better insulation and a reduction in greenhouse gas concentrations.
They said the model is a powerful tool for assessing climate change mitigation policies and identifying ways to make policy changes to address the impacts of climate change.
Dr. Robert A. K. Binder is an associate scientist in the School of Energy and Environmental Studies at Stanford, and Dr. Jonathan B. B. Pomerantz is an assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at Stanford and a fellow in the Department of Environmental Sciences.
This research was supported by the U-M College of Engineering, a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, and the National Science Education Program.
The article was written by Elizabeth M. Maffei and contributed to Next Big Futures by Emily E. Kuznetsova.